Music

HAYDN

SURPRISE SYMPHONY

2ND MOVEMENT

 

THEME

1-32

  • Theme – Andante= at a walking pace
  •  binary, 2x 8 bar phrases
  • A-strings
  • A1-pp pizz ‘surprise’ at end
  • B- different style, then like A,
  • B1-solo flute, oboe, horn playing dominant pedal

VAR 1

(33-48)

  • Begins with a surprise –tutti- just opening chord.
  • A is played by violin 2, viola cello and d. bass while violin 1 and flute play  a counter melody
  • B follows the same pattern- played only by strings – no flute  here.

VAR 2

49-75

  • Tonic minor
  • A-begins unison forte
  • Eb major piano

  • B begins at bar 57 with descending  antiphonal scalic passages in violins
  • bar 70 bridge violin 1 (only)-  5 bars long- begins on dominant and  plays G major triad ( ascending, then descending)  followed by chromaticism and a descending dominant 9th leads into variation 3

VAR 3

76-106

  • Oboe takes A  staccato semiquavers
  • All strings and bassoon
  • Repeat of A- oboe and flute
  • Violin countermelody –A
  • No lower strings
  • B same format
  • Repeat of B – add horns with dominant pedal

VAR 4

107-142

  • Full orchestra (tutti)
  • woodwind, violins play semiquaver sextuplets
  • rest of strings play syncopated chords (triple stopping)
  • Repeat of A strong contrast- strings piano

  • B is like  repeat of A( ie syncopated triple stopped chords)
  • Repeat of B as start of variation
  • Short bridge
  • Ends with a diminished chord(ie minor 3rds piled on top of each other)

CODA 143-end

·        Oboe and flute play A piano

·        Horns, cello and basses play tonic pedal ie C

·        Harmonies are chromatic

·        Movement ends with 3 quiet tonic chords

·        A, A1, B and B1 are written out in full in the theme;

·         repeat marks are used in variations 1 and 2